Saturday, May 23, 2020

Jacksonian Democracy Dbq Essay - 1198 Words

Kathy Dai M. Galvin AP USH Period 1 Jacksonian Democracy DBQ The Jacksonian democracy of the 1820s-1830s is often associated with an expansion of the political influence, economic opportunities, and social equality available to â€Å"the common man,† a concept of the masses which President Andrew Jackson and his newly founded Democratic party came to represent. The new administration certainly saw gains for the majority; namely, public participation in government increased to unprecedented levels, and several economic decisions were made to favor the people over monopolies. Beginning with their exaggerated portrayal of the â€Å"corrupt† 1824 election however, the Jacksonian democrats also left a legacy of substantial miscalculations†¦show more content†¦Furthermore, Jackson’s presidency was characterized by use of the spoils system and the systematic rotation of officeholders. These stipulated that federal jobs were strictly given to loyal Democrats and that federal office s could be held for only one term. While these practices were meant to emphasize equal political opportunities and build party loyalty, they inherently promoted government corruption. In fact, the power that Jackson wielded by trading federal positions for party loyalty both overextended his executive power and practiced the same corrupt bargaining of office that the Democrats accused John Quincy Adams of in the election of 1824. Thus, the Jacksonian democrats dealt clear detriments and hypocrisies to the system of popular democracy that they so strongly advocated, despite their encouragement of universal white male suffrage and participation in office. Similarly, the Jacksonian age affected the economy both in accordance with the Jacksonian ideal of equal economic opportunity and against it; an executive branch act and a judicial branch decision were made with the intent of favoring the people, but substantial opposition highlighted the negative side effects that undermined the Jac ksonian goal. President Jackson represented the executive branch with his bold move of vetoing a bill which proposed a rechartering of the Second Bank of the United States.Show MoreRelatedJacksonian Democracy Dbq Essay1060 Words   |  5 PagesJacksonian Democrats help create a more democratic America and because of this, believed themselves to be many things, real and fictional. In most cases they perceived themselves as defenders of equal economic opportunity, even though they sometimes put their own interests before those of the people. They also thought of themselves as guardians of political democracy, while at the same time using class differences to their advantage and emotionalized speeches, lacking real intellectual merit, toRead MoreAnalysis Of The War Hero After The Battle Of New Orleans934 Words   |  4 Pages11 November 2015 APUSH DBQ: Jacksonian Democrats Andrew Jackson became known as the war hero after the Battle of New Orleans. His victory over the Indians in the battle helped his public recognition and increased his popularity in society. In the election of 1820, Andrew Jackson ran for presidency and won with flying colors. Jackson’s humble background gave him an edge over other candidates - he was the voice for the â€Å"common man† and endorsed the idea of national democracy. His years in office wasRead More AP HISTORY-Jacksonian Democracy Essay676 Words   |  3 PagesDBQ: Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian democracy was created during the antebellum America. The Jackson democrats made an attempt to grant power to the lower classes while decreasing the influence of the rich and potent. The Jacksonian democrats viewed themselves as saviors of the common people and ruled by the means of a powerful executive branch who attempted to destroy aristocracy in America. In reality, they were typically very wealthy, they disregarded the capability of the federal governmentRead MoreEssay on Democracy and Jacksonian Democrats817 Words   |  4 PagesJacksonian democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity. In light of the documents and your knowledge of the 1820s and 1830s, to what extent do you agree with the Jacksonians view of themselves? Jacksonian democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity. In light of the documents and your knowledgeRead MoreDbq on Andrew Jackson Essay813 Words   |  4 PagesDBQ – Andrew Jackson Jacksonian Democrats believed that they were protecting individual liberty, political democracy, the equality of economic opportunity, and upholding the rights of the Constitution of the United States. In my opinion, the Jacksonians were, to some extent, guardians of the United States. However, the Jacksonians did have their flaws. When it came to protecting individual liberties, Jacksonians favored the white male population, but totally ignored others. They wanted toRead MoreDBQ Questions781 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿DBQ QUESTIONS Writing the DBQ Civil War Assess the following quote: â€Å"Ultimately, the Civil War reduced sectional antagonism and made the United States truly ‘one nation.’† ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The Constitution Using information from the evidence below as well as your knowledge of the period, discuss the development of the United States Constitution as aRead MoreThe Jacksonian Era Essay688 Words   |  3 PagesDBQ The Jacksonian Era is often described as a time when the United States experienced the â€Å"democratization of politics.† Is this accurate? How was democracy defined in this era? In a democracy each and every citizen of the state is supposed to have an equal say in the government. Today everyone has the opportunity to vote and has equal rights with no restrictions to American citizens. On the other hand back in the Jacksonian Era this was different. Before his time this wasn’t necessarily theRead MoreThe Age Of Jackson Was A Time Of Tremendous Reform With American Society And Politics1128 Words   |  5 PagesDaniil Stanisevschi Hour 1 12/04/14 Democratic Ideals DBQ Between the years 1825 and 1850, the US underwent a series of social and political reforms which attempted to democratize American life. The Age of Jackson was a time of tremendous reform with American society and politics. Andrew Jackson’s position as president lasted from 1829-1837, therefore the fact that many writers and historians have attached his name to the time period between 1820 and 1850 indicates the high importance of his spiritRead MoreApush Dbqs Essay2248 Words   |  9 Pages2011 DBQ: (Form A) 1. Analyze the international and domestic challenges the United States faced between 1968 and 1974, and evaluate how President Richard Nixon’s administration responded to them. (Form B) 1. Explain the ways that participation in political campaigns and elections in the United States changed between 1815 and 1840, and analyze forces and events that led to these changes. 2010 DBQ: (Form A) 1. In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political

Monday, May 18, 2020

Barriers to Effective Communication - 1654 Words

Barriers to Effective Communications Everyone has experienced, at one time or another the frustration of feeling misunderstood and being unable to make ourselves understood by another person. Anything which, blocks the meaning of a communication, is a barrier to communication. Effective communication is like a house built one block at a time. First to build a house trust must be built; trust is not a group process it is created in one to one connections with each individual. Second, be bold and open, better communications are clear, direct, respect, reflective and frequent. And finally, strive to continually overcome the barriers to effective communication, challenge others to grow and educate your self. There are many barriers to†¦show more content†¦A misunderstanding between people can quickly erase all trust. Without trust between people when communication is taking place an individuals defensives will be up. Being in this defensive state can lead to many conflicts between people. To be successful in th e work place a strong level of trust is required. Trust and effective communication among workers can determine the success of a corporation. There are steps individuals can take to reduce the chances that others will become defensive when they are engaged in conversation. Being encouraging when speaking with others is important. When talking with others make the point you are trying to convey with as much sincerity as possible. People dont care how much we know until they know how much we care. Thinking about what you say before speaking to others is an effective way to reduce the chances of causing another person to become defensive. Another positive communication technique is to convey your message to others in a cheerful tone. By using positive communication techniques individuals can reduce the instances that cause others to become defensive. These techniques will create a positive work environment and help a company to be successful. There are several barriers to effe ctive communication. Another important barrier for communication is language. There are many different languages in this world. At work there are CO-workers who are bilingual, they can speakShow MoreRelatedBarriers to Effective Communication1620 Words   |  7 PagesBarriers to Effective Communication CJA304 In this paper, I will describe the process of communication as well as its components, describe the difference between listening and hearing, describe the formal and informal channels of communication, and suggest strategies that may be implemented to overcome communication barriers. Communication can be described as â€Å"a process involving several steps, among two or more persons, for the primary purpose of exchanging information† (WallaceRead MoreBarrier to Effective Communication1289 Words   |  6 PagesIn this paper I will be discussing the process of communication and its components discuss the difference between listening and hearing in communication, talk about the formal and informal channels of communication, talk about the different barriers to effective communication, and lastly discuss the strategies that may be implemented to overcome communication barriers. Communication is very crucial in the criminal justice system; it is the key element for success. From a rookie all the way up toRead MoreBarriers to Effective Communication1727 Words   |  7 PagesBarriers to Effective Communication Kevin Borem CJA/304 November 2, 2011 Fred Staedel Barriers to Effective Communication Communication is a way of life for sociable organisms on earth. There are many forms of communication and several are used without saying a word or making a sound. With the types of communication in the world, communicating effectively may seem an unlikely idea. Effective communication between two individuals or more is dependable on the way the message from the senderRead MoreBarriers to Effective Communication690 Words   |  3 PagesbbBarriers to Effective Communication â€Å"Barriers are influencing factors which impede or breakdown the continuous communications loop. They block, distort, or alter the information. By identifying the barriers and applying countermeasures, team members can effectively communicate.† (Wallace and Roberson, 2009) Chapter four speaks of four obstacles that can prevent effective communication. Emotional barriers, physical barriers, semantic barriers, and ineffective listening all prevent effective communicationRead MoreBarriers to Effective Communication2391 Words   |  10 PagesBarriers to Great Communication There are seven types of Barriers to Communication. Many people think that communicating is easy. It is after all something we do all our lives. There is some truth in this view. Communicating is straightforward. What makes it complex, difficult, and frustrating are the barriers we put in the way. Physical barriers Physical barriers in the workplace include: marked out territories, empires and fiefdoms into which strangers are not allowed closed office doors, barrierRead MoreBarriers to Effective Communication1479 Words   |  6 Pages1 Barriers Barriers to Effective Communication Paper Robin Mravik Due Date: Monday October 10, 2011 CJA/304 Instructor: Janette Nichols 2 When it comes to communicating with people in our daily lives, there are many people that think there is just talking and listening to the other people in the communicating process. However, there is actually five step in the communication process; which are as follows: 1.) sending the message out to someone, 2.) sending the message through a mediumRead MoreEffective Communication And The Barriers Of Communication Essay1203 Words   |  5 Pagesstudy of effective communication and the barriers of communication is very important in the workplace in order for the company to be successful. Every person in the business will have to communicate in one form or another. The better the communication in the workplace the better the relationships with each other. In this article I will help you to understand the processes needed in order to have effective communication in the workplace. I will discuss the importance of effective communication, theRead MoreBarriers to Effective Communication2071 Words   |  9 PagesTable of Contents What barriers to effective communication do you detect in this case? 2 Perception barrier 2 Personal barrier 3 Information overload / Work overload 3 Gender barrier 4 Language barrier - Ambiguity 4 Is anyone wrong in this situation? By what other means could Randell have requested the information from Tom Ballard? What do you think of Tom Ballard’s reaction? Why? 6 Tom Ballard 6 Leigh Randall 7 While communicating information vertically up or down the organizationRead MoreBarriers to Effective Communication Essay1713 Words   |  7 Pagesbecause they are the managers those who do run the company and therefore they need to be excellent in dealing with people. However, when the issue of communication is discussed, it is understood that there are more than two people in communication. Moreover, as there would be a number of people working in organisations, there is a lot of communication among companies’ staff everyday. From this context, it can easily be inferred that the organisations’ employees should also be able to communicate effectivelyRead MoreBarriers to Effective Communication Essay1046 Words   |  5 Pagesb Barriers to Effective Communication University of Phoenix CJA/304 Barriers to Effective Communication Effective communication is a complex phenomenon that involves the verbal and nonverbal components in their cooperation. The main target of communicational process is transmission of information when the sending party wants the recipient to decode the message in the same way as it is coded. Nevertheless, the communicational process consists of the various components that may become the

Monday, May 11, 2020

Notes On Autism Spectrum Disorder - 1656 Words

Lydia Chludil Personal Special Education Teaching Philosophy Paper TE 434: Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder David Rose 4/15/2016 What are the historical theories, who are the major contributors, and what are the relevant federal laws underlying the field of ASD? The historical theories that are in the field of ASD all originated with Leo Kanner. His work was started in 1943 where he identified â€Å"autism† using common descriptions. The descriptions lead to a certain criterion that was then used to identify those with ASD. The criteria included, but is not limited to, rare communication behaviors, as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviors. Kanner worked to portray autism instead of define it.†¦show more content†¦The federal laws underlying the field of ASD are the Individuals with Disabilities Act 2004 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act; both were created to protect the rights of individual with disabilities. Individual Disabilities Act is focused on the implementation of educational needs and services to students up to 21 years of age. It also entitles every student t o a free public education. Section 504 provides a free public education and each student receives services in the same manner as those who do not have a disability. Both of these federal laws were created to contribute to the education and development of every individual that would need an IEP. How do these theories interact with the dynamic development of the ASD definitions over time? According to â€Å"Autism spectrum disorder is a serious neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs a child s ability to communicate and interact with others. It also includes restricted repetitive behaviors, interests and activities. These issues cause significant impairment in social, occupational and other areas of functioning.† When ASD is googled, there are many possible definitions as a result, and not a single one is 100% comprehensive. There have been various theories to the development and definitions of ASD. These theories are dynamic to the development of the definition of ASD over time because the theories began targeting simple behaviors and labelling

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

An Internship Program With Evan Guthrie Law Firm - 1437 Words

During Summer 2015, I participated in an unpaid internship program with Evan Guthrie Law Firm. While the employer is located in Charleston, South Carolina, my job as the intern is to be trained to become the editor and contributor in Hawaii for a new legal website, managed by the firm and dedicated for college students. This internship covered the Hawaii portion of the website. As the internship program and the training intended, I have learned much related to my major, Criminal Justice. This internship helped me to acknowledge that qualified, knowledgeable professionals are needed by our complex society to define, administer, and put our rules and standards into force. Like jobs in any other field, to work in the field of law requires expertise. Trained experts are the most desirable to be hired by organizations, tasked to manage justice, to direct their operations. By writing articles for the legal website, I learned to assess law enforcement situations orderly. I learned to make use of the basic legal and management theories to analyze the situations. I got the opportunity to show my understanding of the key process in the U.S. criminal justice system. I also learned to combine approaches from management, law, and the behavioral science to apply them to the situations I was studying. I have spent quality time to research on many topics. Not only are these topics related to my major and field of study, they also expands my world view – the fundamental cognitive orientationShow MoreRelatedFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 PagesHave a Shortage of Skilled Labor? 14 Why Do Organizations Lay Off Employees during Shortages? 15 How Do Organizations Balance Labor Supply? 15 Issues Contingent Workers Create for HRM 16 Continuous Improvement Programs 18 Work Process Engineering 19 How HRM Can Support Improvement Programs 19 How HRM Assists in Work Process Engineering 19 Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Strategic HRM 28 Learning Outcomes 28 Introduction 30 Why Is HRM Important to an Organization? 30 DID YOU KNOW?: A Management RecapRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management View.Pdf Uploaded Successfully133347 Words   |  534 Pagesviews of risk, the economic rationale for investment in training, utility theory, and alternatives to human resou1rce investments. Investments in training are covered in this section because they are fundamental to the formation of human capital. Firms also invest in many other human resource practices with the expectation that there will be impacts on performance and financial returns. Management Values Fundamental values must be addressed in many human resource issues, particularly those involvedRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages52 Intellectual Abilities 52 †¢ Physical Abilities 55 †¢ The Role of Disabilities 56 Implementing Diversity Management Strategies 56 Attracting, Selecting, Developing, and Retaining Diverse Employees 56 †¢ Diversity in Groups 58 †¢ Effective Diversity Programs 58 Summary and Implications for Managers 60 S A L Self-Assessment Library What’s My Attitude Toward Older People? 40 Myth or Science? â€Å"Dual-Career Couples Divorce Less† 47 An Ethical Choice Religious Tattoos 51 glOBalization! Images of Diversity

Mankind Is No Island Free Essays

Mankind is No Island Focus: The collection of Still Images Sound Not a lot of dialogue Montage of images – together they make an image The words shown are from signs, street signs and shop signs etc. What makes this film visual What is specifically visual about it What makes the video shape my perspective of the situation What is the purpose of the video being made? – To be more aware of the homeless Ideas: There is a lack of giving to the homeless The homeless are taken for granted The homeless are ignored by society It is filmed in the city because it demonstrates advertising and also emphasizes consumerism. Used to contradict or to challenge what they are to present in the cities. We will write a custom essay sample on Mankind Is No Island or any similar topic only for you Order Now The homeless are destitute and deprived from the necessities of life. Techniuqes Soft dramatic piano music is used The music sets the tone. It also makes the audience depressed and feel guilty. Camera angles are placed in the same level as the homeless. This is used to place the audience in the homeless peoples situation and position. By doing this, the audience feels the hardships, the sadness and the uselessness as the homeless have also felt. Repetition of the images of the homeless being ignored Rhetorical Questions are also used to make the audience feel depressed and reflect on their guilt. RQ’s are also used to make audience reflect Repetitions of RQ’s Religious images Repetition of â€Å"NO† Close up of the Homeless Face – Shows their facial expressions. Also indicates their sadness and their depression. Shows their rugged appearance. Take away the homeless identity and places the audience to look at them face to face as humans. Demonstrates how old they look. Also supports that being homeless ages you. The homeless have literally been forced to live a life of desperation. The homeless have no choices. The fact that two of the largest cities are used symbolises and supports the idea that homeless people are not found in a particular place, but are recognised everywhere. Repetition of â€Å"your† emphasizes that the homeless and the successful are no different. They may be different in social class but they are still the same in species. The images are also negative and focus the negative sides of the city. The sentences are also in a first person register RQ’s is used to challenge and contradict on what we love The Heart Balloon – How to cite Mankind Is No Island, Papers

Comparative History of Commerce and Industry Sector

Question: Discuss about the Comparative History of Commerce and Industry Sector. Answer: Introduction: Zen Buddhism has been an integral part of Japanese art and culture from the time of its arrival in Japan in the thirteenth century. Despite of not being much spiritual in the modern times, Zen Buddhism has kept influencing the art and architecture of Japanese people. However, Zen traces its origin back in India; it was formalized in China and was transmitted to Japan in the thirteenth century (Ingram 2015). In Kamakura period (1185-1333), the development of Japanese Buddhism has evolved in a new level and it is also called Kamakura Buddhism. This form of religion refers to various innovative Buddhist movements that come into sight during the time, especially Zen. Zen Buddhism eventually became one of the dominant schools of Buddhism in Japan. Even in the modern day Japan, the unique influence still keeps persuading and that makes Japan an exceptional country in spite its prosperity in the industrialized economy. According to Andreeva 2016, Zen Buddhism consists of two schools of practice, the Rinzai School, originated by Eisai (or Yosai, 1141-1215) and others, and the Soto School, founded by Dogen (1200-1253). The emphasis of Zen Buddhism was entirely on simplicity and the significance of the natural world created a distinguishing aesthetic, expressed by two terms wabi and sabi. The preliminary reliance of this school of philosophy was derived from the ancient Buddhist text like Mahaprajnaparamita-Sutra, which stresses on the doctrine of blankness and the lankavatara-Sutra, which deals with the doctrine of consciousness and the Avatamsaka-Sutra, which consist of the teachings of Lord Buddha. Those concepts have been analysed by several Zen masters in Japan, who also had developed many unique practices to Zen. The amorphous concepts are used to convey a sense of melancholy, naturalness, rusticity, loneliness and age. The disciplinary practice of Zen Buddhism has created a huge impact on the J apanese people. The cool and calm mediating Zen master, the informal meditation hall and other practices that created an ideal, influenced their everyday life. Zen introduced not only a new religious practice to Japan, but also calligraphy, philosophical practice and ink paintings to the culture. Lopez and Donald 2015 states that, the monochrome ink painting is the most closely related art form with Zen Buddhism. Generally, the Zen monks were the first Japanese artists to work with this medium and they expressed their religious views and passion through a quick and reminiscent manner. Their favoured subjects to study were, Zen patriarchs and progressive individuals, but soon the artists moved to several secular themes like flowering plums, birds, bamboo and the birds, which were endowed with intellectual symbolism in China. The huge range of thematic expressions broadened to embrace the landscapes and the literary figures and the style of painting became more significant than personal expression. Previously, the practices of Buddhism was restricted the privileged class of the monks, artisans, scholars, nobles, who had mastered the rituals and the complicated philosophy of Buddhism. However, in the Kamakura period (1185-1333), the practice took a drastic change in the field of religion and it became the religion of masses for the very first time. There was a political change at that time in Japan, while the old court fell to a fresh military government and the growing conflict and chaos led to the disenchantment and a revival of faith. During this divergent time, Buddhist leaders like Shinran, Eisai, and Honen emerged and developed their concept of salvation (Sanford 2014). This also gave rise to the schools of philosophy, which also influenced the art and architecture practice in Japan. The concept of Zen Buddhism, connecting to the spiritual rather than the physical was very much influencing in the fine art practices in the Kamakura period (Aitken 2015). The paintings from this period were highly influence by the practices of previous Heian Period. The religious paintings were marked with a sense of vivacity and immediacy. The Amidst cults emphasized devotion to the specific figures, who were initially considered subsidiary all over the pure Buddhist collection of gods. For instance, Jizo Bosatsu, the lord Buddha portrayed in the appearance of a young monk, who was considered as a defender of children and women and as an individual send off on a particular mission of kindness to soreness being entangled in the troubles of their different life states. The popularity of Amidism encouraged the conception of richly regarded religious cosmologies in painting representing the six dominions of existence. The paintings like Nika Byakudo which is a white trail to the wester n heaven across two rivers, shoed both the complexities faced in the journey of a believer to the western paradise and at the central position, the Jizo empathetically shielding those, who are in need. Similarly, the raigo paintings featured the interpretations of Amidst culture as well. The religious fundamentals made extensive use of the descriptive scroll design. Paintings were also used to decorate the fusuma (sliding doors) and byobu (folding screens) (Munsterberg 2015). In addition to it, a new form of painting evolved in this aura named emaki format of painting. This form consists of long illustrated hand scrolls. The major brushworks, affluent palette, generous portrayal of the miscellaneous details of contemporary survival were the essential characteristics of the paintings of the Kamakura age, but in a more reflective spiritual sense. Those are the illustrated evidences of the Japanese fondness for basing the sacred practice in the easily accessible appearance of daily liv ing. While several form of paintings continued to grow throughout Kamakura period, the sculpture was the most popular form of art so far. This period is extensively considered as a renaissance age in the Japanese sculpture, guided by the Buddhist Kei School. As a result of the Gempei War, there was a huge loss in the religious sculptures. The Kei family created the most noteworthy works in this period, in the thirteenth century. The Kamakura period sculpture was inspired by both the wonderful idealism of the Nara period and the Chinese Song Dynasty sculpture. In depicting the huge range of divine concern, Kamakura figures responded to the religious ambiance of the period. The figure by Kosho of Kuya, the rough aged mendicant, who supported the constant repetition of the nembutsu prayer, was portrayed practically but the grace message of the cord of little Amida sculptures budding from the mouth an accurate depiction of his teaching. The artisans of this era succeeded the method of yosegi -zukuri (woodblock construction) and developed a sculptural style consists of solidity, pragmatism and depiction of emotion and movement (Covaci 2016). The works were very much influenced by the masterpiece of the Nara period and the Chinese song dynasty sculptures. The sculptures were seen with wonderfully refined hint of the shielding and warm existence of the Amida. The surface of the figure was entirely decorated with the kirikane (gold leaf pattern cuttings). The portrait sculpture of Muchaku conveys a firm determination and realism; there was also a subtle touch of fleshiness around the eyes, which mentions a little humour. Sanford 2014 states that, the finest one of all the sculptures of the Kamakura age is a flawless combination of carefully skilled and accumulated parts. The white wood was mainly the means of preference. The joined block technique was utilized in the sculptures with greater frequency than the preceding periods. Kaikei was a famous sculpture of Kamakura period, who was a collaborator of Unkei and spiritual believer of Pure Land sect of Buddhism. He worked closely with Chogen, a priest,on the recreation of the Todai ji temple in Nara. Most of his sculptures were characterised by the extensively finished surface and rich decoration with pigments and gold was the noteworthy trait of those. The most significant work of Kaikei is the Amitabha Triad of Ono Jodo ji (1195). The religious evolvement also influenced the architecture of this age, though the protection and the defence became the first priority because of the Genpei War happened before. The teahouses, small rooms held by pillars, became popular in this age as well (Yamashita 2016). However, the famous built of this aura was the Sanju Sangendo Hall, a long structural design consisting of thirty-three walls. The name of the temple suggests a hall with thirty three spaces between columns. The temple caught fire in 1248 and was restored in 1266. The temple consists of thousand big statues on the lest and the main deity statue stands at the ride side, comprise of ten rows and 50 columns. The religious architecture of the period was a blend of Chinese and Japanese influence as the religion was initiated from China. The Buddhist art form followed the believers as the religion spread and got adapted and developed in each host country (Kitagawa and Joseph 2013). To conclude, it can be said that it is feasible to draw a lineage of contemporary term in the Kamakura period. In Japan Buddhism played a great role to give birth to a fresh sense of value not only on the population, but also on the art forms, culture and the architecture. Reference List Aitken, Robert.Taking the path of Zen. North Point Press, 2015. Andreeva, Anna. "Yoshihiro Nikaido: Asian Folk Religion and Cultural Interaction."Entangled Religions3 (2016). Covaci, Ive.Kamakura: Realism and Spirituality in the Sculpture of Japan. Yale University Press, 2016. Green, Ronald S. "A Cultural History of Japanese Buddhism."Japanese Journal of Religious Studies42, no. 2 (2015): 381. Ingram, Paul O. "Listening to Shin Buddhism: Starting Points of Modern Dialogue. Edited by Michael Pye, with the assistance of the Eastern Buddhist Society. Bristol, CT: Equinox, 2012. Pp. xii+ 306. $110.00."Religious Studies Review41, no. 1 (2015): 37-38. Kitagawa, Joseph Mitsuo.Religion in Japanese history. No. 7. Columbia University Press, 2013. Lopez Jr, Donald S.Buddhism in Practice:(Abridged Edition). Princeton University Press, 2015. MacDonald, Deanna, and Geeta Mehta.New Japan Architecture: Recent Works by the World's Leading Architects. Tuttle Publishing, 2013. Munsterberg, Hugo.Arts of Japan: An Illustrated History. Tuttle Publishing, 2013. Sanford, James H., William R. LaFleur, and Masatoshi Nagatomi, eds.Flowing traces: Buddhism in the literary and visual arts of Japan. Princeton University Press, 2014. Sanford, James H., William R. LaFleur, and Masatoshi Nagatomi, eds.Flowing traces: Buddhism in the literary and visual arts of Japan. Princeton University Press, 2014. Yamashita, Noboru. "Minnan Eisai and Hirado-The Introduction of the Rinzai school of Zen and Matcha tea to Japan."4 (2016): 105-125. Kitagawa, Junko, Toshiyoshi Fujiki, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Yasuharu Hoshino, Hitoshi Yonenobu, and Yoshinori Yasuda. "Human impact on the Kiso-hinoki cypress woodland in Japan: a history of exploitation and regeneration."Vegetation history and archaeobotany23, no. 6 (2014): 649-664. Hane, Mikiso, and Louis Perez.Premodern Japan: a historical survey. Westview Press, 2014. Shin'ichi, Hisamatsu. "On Zen Art."Marburg Journal of Religion17, no. 1 (2015). Noelker, G., M. J. Cha, G. Pastore, M. Maruyama, K. Zimmer, C. Lemes, P. Vergara et al. "POSTER SESSION 7P1578Validation of a novel implantable cardiac monitor for AF detection: the Detect AF study resultsP1579Vasospastic angina as both a risk factor for new-onset atrial fibrillation and a predictor of negative outcome in atrial fibrillation patientsP1580Effect of right ventricular pacing site on occurrence of atrial fibrillationP1581Clinical characteristics of patients aged under 40 with lone atrial fibrillationP1582P wave dispersion-a clinically useful parameter that does not ...."Europace17, no. suppl 3 (2015): iii237-iii259. McNabb, David E. "Commerce in the Kamakura and Ashikaga/Muromachi Shogunates." InA Comparative History of Commerce and Industry, Volume I, pp. 167-180. Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016. Siu, Julie. "Ashikaga Rule and Cultural Brilliance in the Muromachi Period: A Look at Selected Ink Monochrome Paintings." (2014). Breen, John, and Mark Teeuwen.Shinto in history: Ways of the kami. Routledge, 2013. Nagaoka, Tomohito, Junmei Sawada, and Kazuaki Hirata. "Demographic and pathological characteristics of the medieval Japanese: new evidence from human skeletons from Kamakura, Japan."Anthropological Science121, no. 3 (2013): 203-216. Keirstead, Thomas.The Geography of Power in Medieval Japan. Princeton University Press, 2014. Scheid, Bernhard, and Mark Teeuwen.The culture of secrecy in Japanese religion. Routledge, 2015. Ching, Francis DK.Architecture: Form, space, and order. John Wiley Sons, 2014.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Economics for Accountants

Question: Discuss about theEconomics for Accountants. Answer: Bubble in Housing Market Bubble in housing market generally referred to the hike in housing price. During past thirty years, housing prices in Australia has been rising by 7.25% per annum on average. As stated by David (2015), property bubble is a kind of economic bubble that indicates steady rise in market price of property. Housing prices increase keeping parity with increase in income of household and rent. Income raises aggregate demand for housing in domestic economy and attracts investment from international market. As supply of housing is less elastic compared to demand, housing prices increase rapidly in the economy. Among the other cities, housing prices has developed rapidly in Sydney. Low interest rate, high population growth, favourable tax system for the investors is significant attributes for rise in housing price in Australia. Figure 1: Australian Housing bubble stage (Source:, 2015) Ponzi Scheme As discussed by Worthington (2012), ponzi scheme is a type of fraud in investment, when the payment of the first investor is done using the money received from another investors. No real return is generated from this investment. A fraud person or agent may place an advertisement for a housing investment, which does not exist and may earn extraordinary return within a very short period. The fraudster vanishes with all the money leaving the investor with no return including the principle amount. The needless increase in demand builds up a distorted asset market with rising mortgage in Australian banks. This housing market may collapse if the growth model of housing price breaks. Figure 2: Demand and supply of housing (Source: created by author) As approval for new building is growing, the supply increases in the market of housing, keeping demand unchanged. Therefore, supply curve shifts towards right securing new equilibrium at point E2. As supply of housing has increased in the market, quantity of housing increases and price of housing property starts to fall in the market along the demand curve. New equilibrium is reached, where the new supply curve the demand curve. Market equilibrium is achieved at a lower price and a greater quantity. When financial markets are deregulated, new lending institutions tend to emerge and hence, competition increases in the market. In order to attract more customers, lenders try to lend at a lower interest. Borrowers search the lender with lowest cost of capital in both foreign and domestic financial market (Irvine, 2015). It can be stated from the viewpoint of the moneylenders that they undertake greater risk of writing loans in order to increase revenue. However, banks and other financial institutions face credit risk while lending money. Investment in real estate market such as Australia is more risky. Therefore, although borrowers are better off by increasing welfare, economic welfare are not increased through this method, as banks may face insolvency and credit risk if loans remain unpaid (Worthington, 2012). This process may result in loss as depositors will not get their payments and bank will be burdened with increasing nonperforming assets. Oligopoly is a market, where only few firms operate. Cosy oligopoly refers joint venture of different firms. Those firms may compete with each other or may form cartel to keep market power and control over price. Products in this market are differentiated. Firms often engage in price war. As stated by Eyers (2016), acquisition in the banking sector of Australia reduces the competition in the financial market. As competition decreases, number of available options to the customers also decreases. The parent bank gains the power of keeping price at high level. Major Australian banks that holds more than 85% market share over the years are National Australian bank, Commonwealth Bank, Westpac and Australia New Zealand Banking group. Concentration of market power increases the industry profits. References (2015). Australian property forum. Retrieved 26 January 2017, from David, L. (2015) Banks have treated our housing market like a Ponzi scheme, and it's about to bust. Retrieved 26 January 2017, from Eyers, J., (2016). ACCC warns 'cosy' banks it is concerned about competition. Retrieved 26 January 2017, from Irvine, J., (2015). Simple supply and demand will decide what happens next to Sydney house prices. Retrieved 26 January 2017, from Worthington, A. C. (2012). The quarter century record on housing affordability, affordability drivers, and government policy responses in Australia.International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis,5(3), 235-252. [Retrieved from]